Category Archives: Philosophy

Science Vs Philosophy

by Tatiana Velitchkov © 2009

In the world today, almost everything that occurs around us has to have a scientific explanation or a philosophical one for that matter. It would seem that science and philosophy are always at loggerheads. Depending on the worldview they favor, people will always explain things either from a scientific or philosophical point of view. When you use your brain to reason out something, the answer you come up with can be said to be scientific. If on the other hand you use your heart, then the explanation will be philosophical. It is important to understand the difference between science and philosophy.

Whereas science remains the same to a lot of people, everyone has his or her own philosophy about almost everything. For instance, no one doubts the scientific explanation about the force of gravity. It can be said that science is what unifies humankind, but it is philosophy that differentiate people from each other. You cannot classify philosophy, or claim that one is superior to the other – all philosophies are way beyond basic comparisons for each is unique in its own way.
Conflict between science and philosophy has been there for a very long time. Long before scientific explanations became known and acceptable, the world was ruled by philosophy. Philosophers of the old used to use rationalism or deductive knowledge to expound their ideas. Then science came with its experiments and facts, and it forever changed how people viewed the world.

Neither science nor philosophy alone can answer all questions. The two have to be used together to form answers that are logical, none is superior to the other. Science has been used, especially by religious groups to prove what was previously known only through philosophical arguments. It is true then to say that philosophy sets the stage for science. People who try to distance themselves from philosophy always find themselves thrown into other philosophies even without their knowledge. Those who try to ignore proof of what the world is actually like and instead hold on to what they think the world should be often seem like they are totally disconnected from reality.

People should understand that science tries to tell the facts of the universe; philosophy helps in the interpretation of those facts. This explains how the two compliment each other. The different ways we interpret scientific facts also explain how come we are all so different. Our philosophies make us so.

 

© Tatiana Velitchkov

About the Author:

Tatiana is the owner of the Nanotechnology site www.ecophagy.com
and runs www.totally-useless.com among many other sites

www.thephilosopherschaire.com     http://thephilosopherschair.com/view/general

 

What Do We Think We Are?

© Tatiana Velitchkov

phy

“We are better than you”. These are the convictions and attitudes that we cherish and treasure as human beings. However, why do we think we are better than others? Largely, such attitudes are brought about by how we are brought up socially, and partly politically; although, it’s the individual’s viewpoint that develop the fundamental perspective of collective social-cultural convictions against others. Apparently, it is these attitudes, paranoia and fear that we have adopted, leading to increased antagonism in the global environment.

Where can we find ourselves back? It’s from the roots of our personal standpoints in regard to how we perceive members of the human society that do not share social-cultural, and, or political commonness. Its through this we shall be able to appreciate others, and ultimately appreciate ourselves best. Or social mind’s eye manifested through our families, education system, religion, sports and creative arts, among others develops the social-cultural views that we possess within us. Communally engaging activities are among the most powerful vehicles of such development that largely shape and put into somebody various notions of our “human being”.

For sure, we are not immune to the external influence, especially from the modern culture. The modern culture that surrounds us brings forth compositional approaches and alternative social methodologies, but still we tend to be tethered around ethnocentrism among other divisiveness. Sadly, this has been cemented by the contemporary media which still tend to hold and show the human divisiveness such as racism, sexism and individualism, among others. The beauty of modern society is in appreciating human diversity. Not seeing yourself as “better than him”, but seeing him different from you. Through this we will be able to make today’s social baggage as an accepted standard of life, and enjoy life. Else, we become what we think we are.

http://thephilosopherschair.com/view/general

Branches of Philosophy

by Tatiana Velitchkov © 2009

Philosophy is a Subject based on the Comprehensive Study of the Human Existence. Philosophy’s basic objective is to obtain a comprehensive justification of logical inferences, true human values, logical criteria for knowledge development and comprehensive interpretation of human life relative to nature. It also involves deep analysis of human problems in relation their social way of life and natural inhabitance. Philosophy always demands very deep and comprehensive studies on human life, nature and reality based on a subject of comprehensive study. Students of Philosophy are usually advised to be prepared for engagement in deep commitment during their studies.

Philosophy is a very unique field of study. It is unique in its subject content as field of study. It is also very far fetched in the methods of study that is applicable. Philosophy has a set of question for every situation experienced in the human life. It deeply examines logics, concepts and views drawn from science, art, religion, politics any field. In Philosophy the Theory of reality is called Metaphysics. The theory of knowledge is called Epistemology. The theory of moral values is called Ethics. The theory of legal rights and government is called Politics. The theory of arts is called Aesthetics.

There are other diversified systems of that also seek philosophical study, guidance and redress. The most common is religion. Religions like as Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Buddhism. What makes all these religions different is their difference in philosophy. They may be similar is some of the subject they address but they are very different in the method in which they address the issues. The way they address their mythic stories, the lessons taught, the beliefs and all the teachings taught are based on the philosophical approach. A philosophical study would reveal the method and the approach that each religion use to address a fundamental issue.

The foundation of philosophy was based on five major subjects. The first subject was logic. Logic is a study aimed at providing methods for clearly distinguishing between good and bad reasoning. The second subject is Ethics. Ethics is based on the study of addressing moral concepts such as actions, obligations, and justice that are based on the principles that guide moral decisions. Metaphysics is another subject of Philosophy. This subject analyses physical value to determine which one is physically relation to the human way of understanding. The other complex subject of philosophical study is Epistemology. This study is based on the study of the scope of knowledge relative to the human understanding. It justifies beliefs that go beyond the knowledge of the human understanding. The last Subject is the History of Philosophy. This study of Historical trends related to philosophy.

© Tatiana Velitchkov

About the Author:

Tatiana is the owner of the Nanotechnology site www.ecophagy.com
and runs www.totally-useless.com among many other sites

www.thephilosopherschaire.com     http://thephilosopherschair.com/view/general

“A Philosophy Of Life” – Sigmund Freud

by Tatiana Velitchkov © 2009

Sigmund Freud is one of the most recognized influential thinkers of the twentieth century. Sigmund Freud took a bold look on whether psychoanalysis may lead to any exacting Weltanschauung and if it does, to what extent. Weltanschauung is the wish list of any human since he or she would like to accomplish even though it is in normal sense difficult to fulfill them. You settle when you believe in such a thing according to Sigmund Freud. You should be certain of what he would like to do your utmost after, and how you ought to plan passions and interests.

Weltanschauung favors science in particular as it cannot be specialized. Seemingly, this way of looking at things came very close to get general receipt in the last century. The present century should lift up the objection that weltanschauung is both empty and unsatisfying; it fails to notice the spiritual demands of human beings and his or her needs. The protestation can’t be supposed as such since the subject of scientific investigation is in the spirit and mind. Exclusive of psychology science would not be complete as the input of psychoanalysis to scientific discipline consists by large in having extended research to the ways of the mind.

Looking from the scientific point of view, human beings must put into use the critical powers in a certain bearing and should not be afraid to deny when need be. Science is a pasture of human intellectual activity while religion and philosophy are others all together. Therefore, science has no obstruction with them. Philosophy and Religion have an equal balance to the truth and every human being is free to choose where to draw his certainty and in what he shall place his conviction in. Art is almost and always harmless and beneficent as it is not up to anything else apart from true illusion.

While philosophy is not a science, it normally takes itself as if it is a science although to a certain degree, it makes use of the same manners. Philosophy does not have an instant affect on majority of the human beings. It interests only a few while the rest find it beyond their understanding. Religion puts forth its powers over the strongest sentiments of human beings; it takes the place of science, when science hardly exists. Religion gives the elucidation about the source and origin of the universe; it assures people of fortification, final happiness and guides people’s thoughts and actions by means of precepts through the forces of spiritual authority.

© Tatiana Velitchkov

About the Author:

Tatiana is the owner of the Nanotechnology site www.ecophagy.com
and runs www.totally-useless.com among many other sites

www.thephilosopherschaire.com     http://thephilosopherschair.com/view/general

Philosophy of the Pseudo Absolute

by Tatiana Velitchkov © 2009

Philosophy refers to the study of general problems mostly concerning matters such as existence, truth, knowledge etc. Pseudo is used to signify that something is false, fraudulent or it is not whatever it is pretending to be, and Absolute refers to a concept of philosophy. Thus the Philosophy of Pseudo Absolute describes any idea or system that is taken to be a philosophy but it significantly fails to meet scholarly standards of philosophy. So in simple terms it is something which is pretending to be a philosophy.

A popular scholar called Nicholas Rescher referred Philosophy of Pseudo absolute as deliberations that masquerade as philosophical but which in fact are found to be inept, incompetent, and deficient of intellectual seriousness and they reflect on an insufficient commitment to the pursuit of truth. This has been the basic definition of pseudo philosophy that is commonly used in academic rounds.

Over a period of time pseudo philosophy has been found in academics or some scholars have been accused of pseudo philosophy. These pseudo philosophies have brought forward by fellow scholars while trying to justify each others work. Pseudo philosophy was quoted in academia in works by:

Hegel

Hegel is a scholar who was born in Germany and his colleagues and he came up with philosophies such as those for ethical life, importance of history. Hegel and his colleagues developed a concept of mind or spirit that later integrated and united. His philosophy was said to be a pseudo philosophy by Arthur Schopenhauer. He said that Hegel and his colleagues’ deliberately sound impressive but are without truth. The works sound impressive but they contain no verifiable content Arthur said of Hegel’s works. Despite this Hegel is still considered as an influential writer in world history.

Postmodernism

Accusations of pseudo philosophy have also been made against postmodernist Martin Heidegger. Richard Dawkins who is a biologist claims that modernists are generally intellectual con artist or tricksters who come up with weak ideas with difficult to understand wordings. In this claims he also included other modernist like Jacques Derrida, Jean Baudrillard, Julia Kristeva, Jacques Lacan, Jean-Francois Lyotard, Gilles Deleuze and Jean Luc Nancy. Another scholar who has accused these philosophers is Alan Sokal who said that the philosophers used scientific concepts but they lacked in rigor. Claims of pseudo philosophy have gone to as far as some scholar protesting to Cambridge University for awarding Jacques Derrida an Honorary degree; they claimed that his work did not meet the accepted standards of clarity.

© Tatiana Velitchkov

About the Author:

Tatiana is the owner of the Nanotechnology site www.ecophagy.com
and runs www.totally-useless.com among many other sites

www.thephilosopherschaire.com     http://thephilosopherschair.com/view/general